Improved Patient Outcomes By Normalizing Sympathovagal Balance: Differentiating Syncope—Precise Subtype Differentiation Leads To Improved Outcomes


Syncope is difficult to definitively diagnose, even with tilt-table testing and beat-to-beat blood pressure measurements, the gold-standard. Both are qualitative, subjective assessments. There are subtypes of syncope associated with autonomic conditions for which tilt-table testing is not useful. Heart rate variability analyses also include too much ambiguity. Three subtypes of syncope are differentiated: vasovagal syncope (VVS) due to parasympathetic excess (VVS-PE), VVS with abnormal heart rate response (VVS-HR), and VVS without PE (VVS-PN). P&S monitoring (ANSAR, Inc., Philadelphia, PA) differentiates subtypes in 2727 cardiology patients (50.5% female; average age: 57 years; age range: 12-100 years), serially tested over four years (3.3 tests per patient, average). P&S monitoring noninvasively, independently, and simultaneously measures parasympathetic and sympathetic (P&S) activity, including the normal P-decrease followed by an S-increase with head-up postural change (standing). Syncope, as an S-excess (SE) with stand, is differentiated from orthostatic dysfunction (e.g., POTS) as S-withdrawal with stand. Upon standing, VVS-PE is further differentiated as SE with PE, VVS-HR as SE with abnormal HR, and VVS-PN as SE with normal P- and HR-responses. Improved understanding of the underlying pathophysiology by more accurate subtyping leads to more precise therapy and improved outcomes. Read The Full Paper    DePace NL, Bateman JA, Yayac M, Oh J, Siddique M, Acosta C, Pinales JM, Vinik AI, Bloom HL.  Improved Patient Outcomes by Normalizing Sympathovagal Balance: Differentiating Syncope-Precise Subtype Differentiation Leads to Improved Outcomes.  Cardiol Res Pract. 2018 May 16;2018:9532141. doi: 10.1155/2018/9532141. eCollection 2018.
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