Autonomic Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications of Postural Diabetic Cardiovascular Abnormalities

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a disorder of progressive autonomic dysfunction (AD) associated with diabetes and other chronic diseases. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is one of the most incapacitating symptoms of CAN and AD. AD in OH can include sympathetic withdrawal (SW). To detect and diagnose SW, parasympathetic and sympathetic changes must be clearly differentiatedContinue reading “Autonomic Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications of Postural Diabetic Cardiovascular Abnormalities”